Tuesday, 24 November 2015

Alhambra Palace in Granada

Alhambra is one of the oldest palace in Spain in Granada. It is located on the top of the hill al-Sabika, on the left side of River Darro. From Alhambra view of the whole city and the meadow is possible. The whole complex is surrounded by ramparts and has an irregular shape. The name Alhambra comes from an Arabic root which means "red or crimson castle".

Alhambra represents a supreme architecture of the Moorish culture. Different parts of the Alhambra castle were built during different centuries, and most of them are preserved today, date from and after the 14th century. The big horseshoe arch is one of the main building blocks of the tower. The irregular quadrilateral is made up from hand carved marble. According to some researchers, its use is associated with local superstitions, to protect the fortress from the bad spirits and evil eyes.

The founder of the dynasty, Muhammed Al-Ahmar, began with the restoration of the old fortress. His work was completed by his son Muhammed II, whose immediate successors continued with the repairs. The construction of the palaces (called Casa Real Vieja, "old Royal House or Palace") dates back to the 14th century and is the work of two great kings: Yusuf I and Muhammed V.

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